如何增加英语交流中的幽默感(三)对比

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VolzokBR-WEThis post may contain affiliate links. Please see my disclaimer for more information.

除了自嘲式三词排比式(rule of three)幽默,另一种常用的幽默的方法就是利用对比。也就是通过对比今夕,中外, 老少等产生强烈的反差,制造笑点。

在Ellen show一期中,Ellen 是这样表现今昔人们交友方式的区别:

“For those young people out there, you don’t believe this, but in the past in order to have a relationship, you have to talk to someone…IN PERSON…. And you had something called a CONVERSATION.

When someone rejected you, they had to reject you IN PERSON. And you can see their expression. … Kids, you call it “Emoji” and we call it “Face”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xFS5MixrAkM

(Source: YouTube)

又比如下面的例子:

In 1980, a happy meal was when father shared funny stories around the table.

Today, a happy meal is what dad buys at McDonald’s.

In 1980, when fathers entered the room, children often rose to attention.

Today, kids glance up and grunt, “Dad, you’re invading my space.”

演讲中也有通过对比来产生幽默的例子,比如2017世界演讲大赛冠军Manoj Vasudevan 在他获奖演讲“Pull Less, Bend More“ 中,就用幽默的对比的方式来表现他和太太之间差异巨大,(还有点自嘲成分):

“She likes outdoors; I like indoors.

She likes swimming; I feel drowning.

She likes cooking; I’d like to tell her how I’ve missed my mama’s cooking. “

他的对比不只用在人物之间差异,还有前后对比。在讲到两人听了妈妈的指点后都愿意迁就对方时,他沿用了前面的对比:

“When she wants to go out, I join her.

When she wants to swim, I join her…at the shallow end.

When I became nice, she became nicer.

Soon she started to cook better than mama.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VolzokBR-WE

(Source: YouTube)

用对比的方法来增加幽默感,需要在文字上下翻功夫,语言要简洁,对比要鲜明,可加点自嘲或夸大增加幽默效果。

最后我们看一段著名脱口秀演员Seinfeld是如何用对比的方式把人们对演讲的恐惧表现出来,从而产生很好的幽默效果。

“According to most studies, people’s number one fear is public speaking. Number two is death. Death is number two. Does that sound right? This means to the average person, if you go to a funeral, you’re better off in the casket than doing the eulogy.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RrCQnRFBuGc

(Source: YouTube)